Thursday, September 26, 2013

യുദ്ധത്തിന്‍റെ വൃത്തികെട്ട മുഖം

Chimamanda  Nagozi Adichie എഴുതിയ Half of a Yellow Sun എന്ന നോവല്‍ 1967-1970 നടന്ന Nigeria - Biafra യുദ്ധത്തിന്‍റെ കഷ്ട നഷ്ടങ്ങളെ ആസ്പദമാക്കിയുള്ളതാണ്.  ഈ നോവല്‍ തീര്‍ച്ചയായും വായന അര്‍ഹിക്കുന്നു.  University Prof ആയ Odenigbo. അയാളുടെ പരിചാരകന്‍ 13 വയസുകാരന്‍ Ugwu. Odenigbo ന്‍റെ കാമുകി Olanna. അവളുടെ ഇരട്ട സഹോദരി Kainene.   Kainene ന്‍റെ കാമുകന്‍  Richard.  ഈ കഥാപാത്രങ്ങളൊക്കെയും വ്യക്തിത്വമുള്ളവരാണ്.

Half Of A Yellow Sun is an intimate and intensely human portrayal of a destructive civil war that was just a news item to the rest of the world.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie was born in 1977 in Nigeria. She graduated with a degree from the Eastern Connecticut State University. She also earned a masters degree from Johns Hopkins University, in Creative Writing. In addition, she has a Master of Arts from Yale University, in African Studies. Her first published work was a collection of poems. Her novels and short stories have earned her many honors including the Commonwealth Writers’ Prize and the Orange Prize for Fiction.

(Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, was a Secessionist  state in south-eastern Nigeria that existed from 30 May 1967 to 15 January 1970, taking its name from the Bight of Biafra  (the Atlantic bay to its south). The inhabitants were mostly the Igbo people who led the secession due to economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria. The creation of the new state that was pushing for recognition was among the causes of the Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Nigerian-Biafran War. The state was formally recognized by Gabon, Haiti,  Cote d’lvoire, Tanzania and Zambia. Other nations which did not give official recognition but which did provide support and assistance to Biafra included  Israel, France, Portugal, Rhodesia, South Africa and Vatican City.. Biafra also received aid from non-state actors, including Joint Church Aid. Holy Ghost Fathers of Ireland, Caritas, International Mark Press and U S Catholic Relief Services

After two-and-a-half years of war, during which a million civilians had died in fighting and from famine, Biafran forces agreed to a ceasefire with the Nigerian Federal Military Government (FMG) and Biafra was reintegrated into Nigeria)

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